Marie Menken and Willard Maas at home in their apartment at 62 Montague Street, Brooklyn Heights, 1948. Copyright Frank Polach.
Any prolonged engagement with Marie Menken's films and paintings prompts a need to come to some understanding of her marriage to Willard Maas. Figuring the complexity and privacy of any relationship into a critical - or even anecdotal - discussion is always difficult. The starting point for Whitney Chadwick and Isabelle de Courtivron's 1993 study Significant Others: Creativity and Intimate Partnership outlines some of the key issues:
... we asked the following question of the thirteen contributors to this book: if the dominant belief about art and literature is that they are produced by solitary individuals, but the dominant social structures are concerned with familial, matrimonial, and heterosexual arrangements, how do two creative people escape or not the constraints of the framework and construct an alternative story? (7)
Tate Modern's Marie Menken symposium (15-16 Nov 2008) itself struggled with the balance between the abundant supply of gossip and anecdotes about Menken-Maas and how to think through - or even identify in a helpful manner - how their relationship related to their film-making.
Or, rather, it was also an attempt to articulate how the different, incomplete aspects of what we do know relate to each tother: Maas homosexuality; his relationship with Dwight Ripley; Ripley's role as patron of Menken's films; Menkens ongoing relationships to Ripley's (former-) boyfriends; and the role of the Menken-Maas house as a social nexus, a kind of proto-Factory in Brooklyn.
The Tate Modern discussions focussed around Carolee Schneeman's observation that it was offensive to find Menken "servicing the daisy chain" by serving drinks and cookies to Maas' boyfriends. My research since has involved several discussions that find Schneemann's remarks themselves offensive and insulting, simplifying a complex relationship into an argument that supports a personal agenda.
How to develop a new framework for thinking about this, though, is difficult. Maybe we have to accept a sense of fiction within a relationship . To this end I'm delighted to publish, courtesy of Douglas Crase and Frank Polach, a playlet by Dwight Ripley which offers a dialogue between "Marie" and "Willard."
Written c1951-52, Ripley sent the playlet to Menken and Maas, and it was maintained by them amongst their papers. As Crase suggests, it's fascinating whether such a playlet was known by Edward Albee, whose Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf, is often seen to be informed by the Menken-Maas marriage. Considering Menken's performances in Warhol's The Life of Juanita Castro and Chelsea Girls, the prospect of her acting out the following script is a rather mind-boggling one.
Marie Menken, If Earth in Earth Delight, 1951, oil,sand, glass and thread on masonite, 11.5 x 17.5 inches. Courtesy Douglas Crase and Frank Polach.
Some other connections: I also found it constructive to consider the script as a written equivalent to the performance style of Jack Smith and Mario Montez, highlighting, as Crase has discussed, the role of a certain sense of Englishness within the Menken-Maas milleu.
Alongside Albee, a further useful connection would be to the intense and hilarious improvised domestic strife of Brigid Berlin and Charles Rydell in Warhol's Fight (1975), one of a number of pilot TV-melodrama's on show recently at the Haward Gallery in Other Voices, Other Rooms.
GOING TO THE BALL by Dwight Ripley [ca. 1951-52]
Marie (stepping on to the terrace): How is my wig?
Willard (coolly): Your wig is not on fire,
Nor is it drenched in sauce. It is a wig,
Neither minuscule nor over-big,
A snowbound cirrhus perched on a base of wire:
A mild peruke, unfitted to inspire
Passion, distaste, ennui or secret love.
Marie: Then you don't like it?
Willard: But I do, my dove.
It is most suitable, a sweet peruke
That makes you less a duchess than a duke.
Marie: And so it does! Well, how d'you like my dress?
It is an oldie dyed for this one rout.
Eight hours I spent; Adele and artfulness
Were my companions. All you boys were out.
Willard: A Long Day's Dyeing! It becomes you well.
Marie (on a note of doubt): Am I a vision, or do I repel?
Willard: You are, my dove, a vision. But for sloth,
Willie's companion, I would cut as gay
A figure. Let's be off!(A pause.)How's my beret?
Marie: First let me feed the birds, and pour us both
A slug-slug. Your beret? Quite a surprise.
The red brings out the color of your eyes.
Willard: I was a-boozing till that milksop Dawn
Shoved me to bed. A-boozing and a-wenching,
Bacchus and bold bacchante-goosing faun
All rolled in one!
Marie: A-sucking and a-frenching
Is what I'd say. But never mind. Take this
And swallow quick lest we Scavullo miss.
Willard: Farewell, sweet Crocus! Aye, the nimble day
Will have released your trills ere we return
With throbbing megrim, once again to learn
That mixing gin and whisky doesn't pay.
Marie: And you, dear Jug-jug, sing until you burst
While we regret our uncontrollèd thirst!
(to Willard) Another swig?
Willard: Why not?
Marie: Oh, it will be
Fantastic! That I'm sure of.
Willard: You create
Fantasticness where'er you go, chérie.
Marie (under her breath): Especially so when I am overweight.
Willard: You're not! You look divine, a mixture new
Of snow and blood and sapphire luminescence,
A mad mélange of scarlet moons and crescents
Sewn on a sea of Mediterranean blue!
Marie (gratefully): Of all the wives i' the world, a poet's wife
Must count herself most singularly blest,
To hear the squalor of quotidian life
In stanzas rich from dawn to dusk expressed!
Willard: I know it. Lucky girl!(A pause.)
But aren't you too
Scanning your sentences the way I do?
Marie: It's just a habit, dear. Right now I'm scanning
The sea to catch a glimpse of that S. S.
United States. I'm mad for Captain Manning!
Willard: He's not my type at all, but Dwight –
Marie: Oh yes!
He'd go insane for that one, though I think
The fact the Captain doesn't smoke or drink
Might be a –
Willard: Quite. An obstacle, let's say,
To games involving complicated play . . .
But anyway the liner left last night.
Marie: It did? Oh dear. I'll scan the sea no more.
Willard: I wish we could persuade Rupert and Dwight
To come to Pavlik's party! Such a bore,
This sour distrust of revelry!
Marie: Oh, I know.
Sometimes I wonder if their attitude
Isn't more rough on them than merely rude
To others. Paradox (excuse the mot)
Is but a cage wherein the owner sits,
Fed by a Crocus of enormous girth.
To him the bird is caged, he's at the Ritz,
And every fag should be erased at birth.
Willard: Well, some at any rate... Yet darling Joe-joy,
You must admit, is utter bliss and blow-joy:
Marie: I know. Of course he is. But then
Think of the dreadful would-be gentlemen
Willard: Or the self-important kids
And would-be-teentsy-weentsy ingenues
Who hop around the Village, kangaroos
Hoping to God you'll think they're katydids . . .
Ben is a doll. (A pause.) Hark, darling! I'm not sure,
But isn't that Scavullo at the door?
Marie: It is. (She goes to the door.) Come in, come in, come in, come in!
The playlet ends and we, my dears, begin!
NOTES: Adele is Menken's sister, frequently described as her sidekick. Scavullo is Francesco Scavullo the fashion photographer. Crocus and Jug-jug are most likely caged birds. Captain Manning was the name of the skipper of the S.S. United States in 1951-52. Dwight is Dwight Ripley. Pavlik is painter Pavel Tchelitchev. Joe-joy is Joe LeSueur. Colby is Colby Walworth, director of an annual antiques show held at the Park Avenue Armory.
Copyright Frank Polach. Reproduced here with the kind permission of Frank Polach and Douglas Crase.